Jet Fuel (JP A1)

JP A1 - Russian Origin

Quantity :  Min 1,000,000 - Max 5,000,000 Barrels x 12 Months
Price  : USD 46 - USD 44 - USD Gross / Net Per BBL CIF ASWP
             USD 38 - USD 36  Gross / Net per FOB Rusian Port - Rotterdam
             USD 8 / $6 Minus Platts NEW Discount / BBL FOB

Annex A

Specifications Type JET A1 -



COMPONENT

UNIT Min/Max

Test Methods ASTM / IP / GOST

COMPOSITION



Appearance

C&B (1)

Visual

Colour, Saybolt

Report (2)

D156, D6045

Acidity, Total (mg KOH/g)

Max. 0.10

D3242, IP 354

Aromatics (vol %)

Max. 25.0

D1319, IP 156, GOST R 52063

Sulphur, Total (wt %)

Max. 0.25,

D1266, D1552, D2622, D4294, D5453, IP107, IP 243, IP 336, IP 373, IP 447,



GOST R 51947, GOST R 51859

Sulphur, Mercaptan (wt %)

Max. 0.0030 (3)

D3227, IP 342, GOST R 52030

OR Doctor Test

Negative (3)

D4952, IP 30

VOLATILITY



Distillation Temperature:


D86, IP 123

10% Recovery (°C)

Max. 205.0


50% Recovery (°C)

Report


90% Recovery (°C)

Report


Final BP (°C)

Max. 300.0


Distillation Residue (vol %)

Max. 1.5


Distillation Loss (vol %)

Max. 1.5


Flash Point (°C)

Min. 38.0

D56 (4), D3828, IP170

Density @ 15°C (kg/m3)

775.0 - 840.0

D1298, D4052, IP 160, IP 365, GOST R 51069

FLUIDITY

Freezing Point (°C) Viscosity @ -20°C (cSt)

Max. -47.0 (5)

Max. 8

D2386, D5972, D 7153, IP 16, IP 435, IP 529

D445, IP 71

COMBUSTION



Net Heat of Combustion (MJ/kg)

Min. 42.80 (6)

D3338, D4529, D4809, IP 12, IP 355

Smoke Point (mm)

Min. 25

D1322, IP 57

OR Smoke Point (mm)

Min. 19

D1322, IP57

AND Naphthalenes (vol %)

Max. 3

D1840

CORROSION

Copper Strip (2h @ 100°C)

Max. No.1

D130, IP 154

THERMAL STABILITY

JFTOT 6P @ 260ºC (mm Hg) Tube Rating (Visual)

Max. 25

Max. <3 (7)

D3241, IP 123

CONTAMINANTS



Existent Gum

Max. 7 (8)

D381, IP 131

Water Reaction Interface Rating

Max. 1b

D1094

MSEP Rating Fuel without SDA

Min. 85


Fuel with SDA

Min. 70


Particulates (mg/dm3)

Max. 1.0 (2)

D5452, IP423

OTHER



Conductivity (pS/m)

50-600

D2624, IP 274, GOST 25950

Without SDA

Max. 10


BOCLE Wear Scar Diameter (mm)

Max. 0.85 (9)

D5001

ADDITIVES



Antioxidant

Optional (24 mg/L max)

Static Dissipator

Optional (10)

Lubricity Improver

Optional (11)




  1. Fuel should be clear, bright and visually free from solid matter & undissolved water at ambient air temperature.

  2. Applies at point of manufacture.

  3. In the event of a conflict between Sulphur Mercaptan and Doctor Test results, Sulphur Mercaptan shall prevail.

  4. When testing by method D 56, a minimum Flash Point of 40ºC applies.

  5. Lower freezing point may be agreed between customer & producer.

  6. When determining the Net Heat of Combustion by ASTM D4529, use equation 1 or Table 1, and when using D3338, use equation 2.

  7. No peacock or abnormal colour deposits allowed.

  8. Air can be used instead of steam as the vaporising agent.

  9. Applies at point of manufacture if fuel contains >95 % hydroprocessed material of which >20% has been severely hydroprocessed.

  10. Maximum initial doping is 3 mg/L. Upon redoping the fuel, the maximum allowed cumulative concentration is 5 mg/L.

  11. Hitec 580 may be injected at 15 - 23 mg/L.

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